183_projects:problem7_fall2021_b

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Today, we are transitioning into talking about energy and are going to start small and examine energy from a few different scenarios. These scenarios highlight the idea of choosing systems and will ask you to analyze each problem from two different systems. This will hopefully help you all compare and contrast these two different approaches to solving energy problems.

  • Relationship Between Force and Energy - Work
  • Choosing a system
  • Conservation of Energy
  • Potential and Kinetic Energy

There is a train speeding down a track with a constant velocity of 20.9 m/s, which appears to have malfunctioning breaks. Captain America gets in front of the train and slows the train to a stop before the train runs over the cliff. Consider this situation from the time Captain America starts slowing the train down until the train comes to a stop.

Choice 1: System = train + Captain America + Earth Choice 2: System = train

For this problem, stop your analysis after the energy has distributed to Captain America, do not worry where it goes after that.

1. For each choice of system above, answer the following questions:

  • Is energy conserved in the system? Why/why not?
  • Is work done on the system? Is it positive or negative? How do you know?
  • Draw the energy bar charts for the scenario.

2. Pick a system to calculate how much force Captain America must apply to slow the train down in 750 m.

3. Which system did you choose for your analysis? Why?

Iron Man encounters a train that has run out of fuel 1000 m before the train station. He decides to put on his blasters (which have a force of 2000 N), and he pushes the train for 500 m to get it up to speed. He's hoping that friction for the rest of the way will slow down the train by the time it arrives at the station.

Choice 1: System = train + iron man + Earth Choice 2: System = train

1. For each choice of system above, answer the following questions:

  • Is energy conserved in the system? Why/why not?
  • Is work done on the system? Is it positive or negative? How do you know?
  • Draw the energy bar charts for the scenario.

2. Pick a system to calculate how fast the train will going when it gets to the station.

3. Which system did you choose for your analysis? Why?

Hawkeye is standing the edge of a tall building (80 m) and needs to fire an arrow into the sky as a warning to the other avengers. He releases the arrow with an initial speed of 50 m/s at an angle of 60 degrees. Consider this situation from the instant after the arrow is launched.

Choice 1: System = Arrow + Earth Choice 2: System = Arrow

1. For each choice of system above, answer the following questions:

  • Is energy conserved in the system? Why/why not?
  • Is work done on the system? Is it positive or negative? How do you know?
  • Draw the energy bar charts for the scenario.

2. Pick a system to calculate the maximum height that the arrow will reach in the sky.

3. Which system did you choose for your analysis? Why?

Project 7d: Breakneck -- The new roller-coaster at Michigan's Adventure

You are a team of engineers and scientists who are in the process of designing Michigan's Adventures exciting a new attraction “Breakneck”. This ride involves a roller-coaster like car that can hold 8 passengers, with a mass of 700 kg. This car starts by effectively free falling 60m. The track curves at the bottom so that the car can slide up an 8-m-high hill before hitting a horizontal straightaway 50m long. In the middle of the straightaway is a section of track that is used to slow the car down. You can have the car brake over any or all of the 10m length of that section.

Then at the end of the straightaway, a spring-like device hooks under the car. This device changes the car’s direction just in time to prevent it from apparently falling over the end of the track, sending it back over the braking section again, stopping neatly at the end of the braking area. The car should stop at the end of the braking section, on the way back towards the launch pad.

Your tasks are (a) to decide on an appropriate braking force and length of the braking region needed on the straightaway to stop the car at the right location, and (b) the effective spring constant of the turnaround device. The car has special accelerometers mounted which relay that information, and adjust the braking force to provide the acceleration you request. The most important piece of information for these devices is that a person can safely sustain accelerations of 3-4 “g’s” for a brief time, but not more than that.

problem_8_diagram.jpg

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  • Last modified: 2021/10/19 11:57
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